ERIC Number: ED125254
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-May
Reference Count: 0
Elicited Imitation in Second Language Learners. Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 6.
Hamayan, Else; And Others
Three groups of subjects were tested in an elicited imitation study. These were 8-year-old, 11-year-old and adult native speakers of Arabic who were learning English as a second language. The subjects were asked to repeat sentences of seven different grammatical structure types. Previous research with 4-year-old native speakers of English (Smith, 1973) has found that three of the structures were easy to repeat (Type A structures) while four were difficult to repeat (Type B structures). In the present study, a similar difference in the repeatability of A and B structures was found for the youngest subjects, but there was no such difference for the adults and only a moderate difference for the intermediate group. The pattern of results suggested that this was not a function of differences in the subjects' English-language backgrounds, but represents a developmental difference in the ability of second-language learners to repeat certain grammatical structures. The theoretical reasons for the variability in repetition difficulty for the different structure types were considered. (Author)
Descriptors: Adults, Children, English (Second Language), Imitation, Language Ability, Language Acquisition, Language Instruction, Language Learning Levels, Language Research, Language Skills, Learning, Linguistic Difficulty (Inherent), Second Language Learning, Second Languages
Bilingual Education Project, The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, 252 Bloor St. West, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1V6 (as long as supply lasts)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto. Bilingual Education Project.
Note: For related documents, see FL 007 480-484