ERIC Number: ED125239
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Programmatic Research on a Systematic Articulation Therapy Program: Carry-Over of Phoneme Responses to Untrained Situations for Normal-Learning Public School Children. Parsons Research Report No. 6.
McLean, James; Raymore, Sandra
This publication reports on research which has investigated phoneme acquisition and carry-over in a programmatic fashion. This research began with investigations of the effect of an extension of stimulus control of new phoneme responses through a systematic operant procedure. After quantifying the effect of such procedures in terms of stimulus generalization, the program of research moved to the investigation of additional systematic procedures which were applied to such factors as phoneme position in words; phoneme responses embedded in sound-loaded sentences; and phoneme-responding in sentences under enforced time limits. Measurement of the effects of such training variables was made in terms of correct phoneme-responding in controlled samples of connected speech and in spontaneous conversation. The goal of the research has been to identify, empirically, the treatment variables which function to attain the carry-over of new phoneme learning into nonprogrammed conversational speech. The results of the research indicate that systematic procedures which treat certain stimulus and response variables result in high degrees of correctness in new-phoneme responses in conversational speech. These variables are: (1) antecedent stimulus variables ranging from imitative models to nonimitative evoking stimuli, such as pictures and intraverbal chains; and (2) response configuration variables, such as word-position of phonemes and sentence-production performance. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Auditory Discrimination, Auditory Stimuli, Behavior Change, Behavioral Science Research, Elementary School Students, Language Research, Operant Conditioning, Phonemes, Speech Education, Speech Handicaps, Speech Improvement, Speech Pathology, Speech Therapy, Stimulus Generalization, Verbal Learning
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Kansas Center for Research in Mental Retardation and Human Development, Parsons.