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ERIC Number: ED125205
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Nonverbal Visual Short-Term Memory as a Function of Age and Dimensionality in Learning Disabled Children.
Swanson, Lee
Evaluated with two age groups (mean age 8.1 years or 10.6 years) totaling 22 learning disabled children was whether there is an age related increase in recognition for visual nonverbal short term memory (STM) and the effects on STM of stimulus dimensionality, primacy, recency, and second choice responses. A serial recognition task was used to compare performance of the two age groups with two and three dimensional representations of nonverbal eight-point random shapes. Recognition of both dimensions was significantly better by older than younger children. No significant differences were found for either age group between two or three dimensional stimuli or in response strategies of first and second choices; but it was found that the three dimensional representations were recognized significatly better at the first serial position. Among significant departures from findings on verbal STM performance studies was that second choices were usually incorrect if the first choices were incorrect suggesting that similar mediational inefficiencies occurred. (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual International Convention, The Council for Exceptional Children (54th, Chicago, Illinois, April 4-9, 1976)