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ERIC Number: ED124934
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 191
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
An Investigation of Reading Comprehension Ability of Black Fourth and Fifth Grade Students Who Are Reading below Grade Level Utilizing Materials Written in Gullah and Standard English.
Benmaman, Virginia Doubchan
The effect of dialect mismatch and possible interference in performing certain reading tasks was the focus of this study. One hundred twenty black, Gullah-speaking, fourth- and fifth-grade students who were approximately two years below grade level in reading comprised the subject group. Two groups of 30 subjects each were given a Standard English version of a short story, while two groups received the English-based Creole rendition. Question-and-answer options were provided in both Standard English and Gullah dialect. Statistical analysis revealed that an overall preference for materials written in Standard English existed for most subjects, especially females. In addition, fifth-grade students showed stronger preference for the Standard English version than did fourth-grade students. While no significant difference in reading comprehension was apparent between groups, the subjects receiving the question-and-answer options in Gullah scored higher than did those who were given the English version. While rejecting the notion of an expressed preference by Gullah-speaking students for materials written in their own dialect, this investigation partially supported the thesis that a dialect mismatch produces an interference effect in reading comprehension. (Author/KS)
University Microfilms, P.O. Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 76-16,615, MF $7.50, Xerography $15.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of South Carolina