ERIC Number: ED124910
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
Interference Effects in Memory for Sentences.
Kane, Janet H.
The two studies reported here examined processes involved in learning and remembering sentences. Experiment one identified processes in sentence acquisition, and experiment two analyzed memory for sentences one week after initial learning. Subjects for the experiments were students in a college educational psychology class. The experiments demonstrated that when subjects provide a word to complete a sentence, they learn more of the experimenter's sentences than a reading-only control group. This facilitation occurs regardless of the match between the word supplied by the subject and the one chosen by the experimenter. There was no evidence of a negative transfer for a sentence completion task to learning the experimenter's sentence in an undetermined sentence group. However, experiment two showed that the difference between the subject's and the experimenter's sentence does have consequences on delayed retention tests. Performance on both delayed recall and delayed recognition tests showed interference from the non-matching words supplied during the study trial in an undetermined sentence completion group. Results of this experiment suggest instructional possibilities in the situation where a student is presented with a question and answers it incorrectly. (MKM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, April 19-23, 1976); Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document