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ERIC Number: ED124870
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Braille Reading Is Less Efficient Than Visual Reading.
Williamson, Leon E.; And Others
The reading performances of fifteen blind readers and fifteen sighted readers were compared by evaluating the reading performances of each reader reading at instructional level from Lippincott's "Basic Reading Series" and from Form A of the "Gray Oral Reading Test." Nine matched pairs of subjects read at grade one first reader level and six pairs read at grade three second reader level of the Lippincott graded basal series. Subjects' miscues or reading errors were analyzed according to the criteria Goodman and Burke established for the Reading Miscue Inventory. The subcategories under the categories of graphic similarity, sound similarity, grammatical function, grammatical relationships, and comprehension were analyzed for each reader. Some of the results indicated that braille readers applied phonic cues more efficiently than did visual readers, while they did not apply grammatical and semantic cues as efficiently as did sighted readers. Braille readers' miscues caused a greater loss of comprehension than did visual readers' miscues. (MKM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A