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ERIC Number: ED124542
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-May
Reference Count: 0
Issues and Patterns for Community Networking.
Networking is a process for tapping and developing energy to address a need in a more responsive fashion. Most networks are informal and invisible, but they are real nevertheless. A new person or organization changes relationships in the network. Understanding the types of network organization enables one to systematically gain access. There are six characteristic types of organizations: (1) The "open" organization is a public organization that obtains its position from the public. (2) The "optional" organization is similar except that it is open to change to accommodate any key person or situation. Its power is shared within the organization. (3) "Held" organizations are based on old school ties and reputation; power is privately allocated. (4) "Manipulated" organizations are usually unorganized in terms of criteria and process; power is privately contained, allocated, and not accommodated. (5) The "closed" organization is usually systematic and legalistic while power is controlled and private accommodations are rampant. (6) The "mixed" organization is usually a situation in flux using events to allocate power. Successful networks begin and grow when the initiator determines by scouting what approach to take, focuses on a selected activity or need, attracts other individuals and groups, holds an open meeting, permits continuous access to outsiders, assesses needs for new programs, reviews activities, and rewards supporters of the network. Network building for education in communities requires the patience and persistence to tap existing energy and resources; consequently, the quality and extent of a program comes from the membership of the network. (DMT)
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New England Program in Teacher Education, Durham, NH.