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ERIC Number: ED124528
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Reference Count: 0
There is No Philosophy of Health Education! Rather. . . Our Strength and our Weakness is in the Many.
Russell, Robert D.
There is little hope that any single philosophy of health education will emerge to become dominant in the foreseeable future. Rather, our culture encourages a range of philosophical assumptions, valuing diversity more than consistency. It is the assumption of this brief paper that most perspectives or philosophical positions can be represented best in the form of a continuum implying that a number of positions can be taken between the two extremes. The first of these is titled, "What do you want to happen?" The far left is labeled thinking/decision-making, and the far right is labeled specific behavior change. This can lead to another continuum that reflects some basic assumptions about the nature of the human individuals who are educated. This is labeled, "What should be the focus of health education?", with behavior reinforcement on the left of the continuum and behavior on the right. An increasingly important philosophical difference arises from a trend in American culture and is labeled, "What is success in health educating?" Functioning is on the left of the continuum, and rule-following is on the right side. Because of different settings for health education, different age learnings, different degrees of emergency in the message, and different backgrounds and temperaments of those who claim the professional title, we shall continue to have different philosophies. (SK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Presented at the National Convention of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (Milwaukee, Wisconsin, April 2-6, 1976)