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ERIC Number: ED124495
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Mar
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Psychosocial Factors in Activity Selection, Activity Perseverance, and Performance Achievement.
Singer, Robert N.
In order to understand what motivates children to participate in or avoid engaging in physical activities, it is necessary to understand something about motivation. There are two sources of motivation. Intrinsic motivation comes from drives, psychological and physiological processes, and needs such as the desire for achievement and self-determination. Extrinsic motivation comes from the expectation of rewards, either material or in the form of praise and admiration. The family structure and peer influences affect the kind of achievement needs the child will have. Some children will have such high achievement needs that they will persist at everything they try; others will vary their efforts greatly depending on the situation. Extrinsic rewards must be delicately handled because too many may undermine intrinsic motivation, while an appropriate level will complement and prop up low motivation. Attribution theory is also important to understand in studying motivation. Those who see the locus of control as outside of themselves, dependent on task difficulty or luck, will behave differently than those who feel there is an internal locus of control based on skill or effort. Involvement of children in physical activities can best be facilitated by offering them the maximum possible involvement and decision-making contribution to physical education programs. (CD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A