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ERIC Number: ED124359
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Feb-21
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
National and Local Control of Indian Education.
Antell, Will
The crucial elements of control which have developed in the educational systems of the U.S. are: (1) the collective social power of government to require participation in formal education and to stipulate the conditions of that participation (i.e., legal control); (2) the authority to make and the power to enforce decisions that appropriate resources from the society at large and allocate them to the educational sector (taxing authority or fiscal control); (3) the authority to create educational organizations in which performance expectations and role relationships are specified (creation of school districts, certification standards, and curricular components); (4) the authority to legitimatize a sequence of learning experiences to constitute a curriculum or educational program (parent and/or community control). Self-determination, control, parental involvement, and educational relevance constitute the necessary components of improved education for American Indians. Specifically, Indian students need programs in which: their culture is valued; their language is recognized; their special needs are met; and they feel comfortable and involved. Recent Federal legislation has rejected the paternalistic policies of the past and substituted Indian self-determination, but cultural differences must be recognized in the educational curriculum, textbooks, and class offerings. (JC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual convention of the American Association of School Administrators (107th, Dallas, Texas, February 21-24, 1976)