ERIC Number: ED124349
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
Will the Family Farm Survive in America? Part 2: Impact of Environmental Regulations on Small Farms. Joint Hearings Before the Select Committee on Small Business and the Committee on Public Works and the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, U.S. Senate, 94th Congress; 1st Session (October 21 and 22, 1975).
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.
The Federal Water Pollution Control Act provides that each and every point source of pollution be under treatment with the best available technology by July 1983. The Act mandates that: every point source of pollution be issued a national pollutant discharge elimination system (NPDES) permit and comply with effluent guidelines, and the 1983 best available guidelines be economically achievable. Issuance of a NPDES permit is conditional upon compliance with the effluent limitations. Part of the statutory definition for "point source" of pollution contains the phrase "concentrated animal feeding operation". On February 14, 1974, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) promulgated final regulations, exempting certain classes of point sources (animal feeding operations below 1,000 beef cattle unit equivalents) from compliance with the Act's permit and effluent guidelines. The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) filed suit in Federal district court in Washington alleging that the EPA did not have discretion, under the act, to exempt certain classes of point sources from compliance with these provisions. On June 10, 1975, the court agreed with the NRDC and ordered EPA to propose new draft regulations covering all segments of the concentrated animal feeding operation category of point sources by November 10, 1975. These hearings explored the numerous and complicated issues and problems involved with developing a program to comply with the law and the court order. (AUTHOR/NQ)
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.