ERIC Number: ED124315
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Mormon Indian Farms: An Attempt at Cultural Integration.
Jackson, Richard H.
Presented in outline form, this article details the historical conflict between the Federal government and the Mormon settlers regarding treatment of Native Americans indigenous to Utah's Great Basin. The following major points are made: (1) upon Mormon occupation of the Great Basin in 1847, Brigham Young initiated a policy of peaceful coexistence with the Indians; (2) in 1852, the Mormons attempted to settle the Indians on farms established under the guidance and care of Mormon superintendents, but most Indians continued a nomadic existence; (3) the Mormon Indian farms represented a policy of cultural integration (detailed data is given on the procedures for establishment and location of these farms); (4) after 1859, the Mormon concept of the Indian farms was eroded by Federal Indian agents who believed the Mormons were trying to influence the Indians against the Federal government; ultimately, an Indian agent recommended that the Indians be placed on reservations; (5) conflict between Mormons and non-Mormons brought about Federal legislation in 1864 which extinguished Indian title to the farms and created the Uintah reservation; (6) continued conflict brought about legislation which allowed Indians to homestead if they gave up tribal relations, but when the Mormons encouraged Indians to homestead on the farms, the government retaliated and two more reservations were created by the early 1900's. (JC)
Descriptors: Acculturation, Agriculture, American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Culture Conflict, Federal Government, Federal Legislation, Higher Education, History, Human Geography, Instructional Materials, Land Use, Nomads, Religious Cultural Groups
Not available separately, see RC 009 207
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Utah