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ERIC Number: ED124288
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Effect of Physical Attractiveness, Sex, and Intelligence on Expectations for Students' Academic Ability and Personality: A Replication.
Kehle, Thomas J.; And Others
This study examined the effects of third grade students' physical attractiveness, IQ scores, and sex on raters' expectations for the students' personality and academic performance. Subjects were 120 undergraduate and graduate students who were either teachers or teacher trainees. A fictitious school transcript and student essay were randomly assigned to each subject to use in rating the fictitious student on two dimensions: (1) personality, and (2) performance on the essay, including a comparison of performance with academic ability. Color photographs of boys and girls who had been judged as either highly attractive or unattractive were attached to 80 of the transcripts; the remaining 40 transcripts served as a control for physical attractiveness. Data were subjected to four 3-way analyses of variance. Results replicated the findings of an earlier study in that positive expectations existed for attractive females but not for attractive males; attractive females received fewer negative personality ratings than unattractive females, whereas the converse of this was true for males. An unexpected finding was an apparent general lowering of raters' judgments when photographs (of either attractive or unattractive students) were attached to the transcripts. (Author/CW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 19-23, 1976)