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ERIC Number: ED124265
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Feb
Pages: 109
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Relative Effectiveness of Systematic Desensitization and Hypnosis in Alleviating Test Anxiety in Community College Students.
Simmons, Roy D., Jr.
In order to determine whether or not systematic desensitization or hypnosis have any effect in alleviating the test anxiety of community college students, 30 Massasoit Community College student volunteers were matched for GPA and assigned to one of three treatment groups: (1) a systematic desensitization group, in which subjects listened to tape recorded training sessions in relaxation, and were asked to imagine the anxiety provoking scenes described on tape; (2) a hypnosis group, in which subjects listened to hypnotic inductions, and were asked to imagine the same anxiety provoking scenes; or (3) a control group. At the outset, each subject had a two-semester GPA of 3.0 or below and each had scored in the upper quartile on the Mandler-Sarason Test Anxiety Scale. Pre- and post-treatment examinations of GPA, scores on the Mandler-Sarason Scale, and two other self-report measures of anxiety, showed no significant effects of the treatment. It is concluded that these behavioral change techniques, found successful with other populations, must be critically examined for their suitability for two-year college students. Also included are a review of the evolution of community colleges in the United States, a discussion of the unique characteristics of community college students, and a survey of recent approaches to behavior change. Results are tabulated and the testing instrument is appended. (NHM)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A