ERIC Number: ED124053
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Success and Failure in College: A New Approach to Persistence in Undergraduate Programs.
Kohen, Andrew I.; And Others
Conceptualizing progress through college as a sequential process, the study examined factors that affect rates of persistence and dropping out, using longitudinal data for a national sample of young men attending college in the late 1960's. A principal conclusion was that factors important to understanding persistence vary with the stage of the undergraduate career. Pre-college attributes of parental socioeconomic status, race and age exhibit no significant net relationship with dropping out at any stage. The effect of having pursued a college preparatory program in high school is relevant only to completion of the freshman year. The net importance of pre-college measured ability declines substantially after the freshman year and is nonsignificant by the junior year. While working evidently inhibits persistence in college, not all employed students become dropouts and the impediment appears to be greatest for those who work between half and full time. It is found that young men who initially matriculate in a two-year institution are much more likely to drop out at every stage of undergraduate life, even after having transferred to four-year institutions. Receipt of a scholarship bears a consistently positive relationship to the probability of successful persistence in college. It is concluded that much previous theoretical and empirical research on dropping out must be viewed with caution. (Author/LBH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Human Resource Research.