ERIC Number: ED123882
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
On Tense and Aspects of Aspect in Haida: Hydaburg Dialect. Lektos: Interdisciplinary Working Papers in Language Sciences, Special Issue.
Eastman, Carol M.; And Others
Fieldwork with a Hydaburg resident yielded this descriptive paper, which focuses on Haida syntax, and especially predication. The verbal word in Haida is of three distinct types--active, stative, and neutral--the first two of which may occur in either SOV or OSV word order. Neutral verbal words are relatively rare and take active pronouns plus a particle prefixed to the predicate root. Three types of roots may head predication: verbal or active, adjectival, and adverbial. Tense and aspectual suffixes may be attached directly to either a simple or derived predicate root. Three primary tenses (present, distant past, and distant future tenses) are described, along with three suffixes (timeless aspectual, compound perfective, and compound priximate future suffixes). As primary tenses are marked distinctively in the interrogative, it would appear that the indicative and interrogative are separate moods in Haida. Negation is seen as a relatively straightforward process involving the infixing of a particle before the tense/aspect suffix(es). For all tenses and aspects, the third person plural is inflectionally marked. (DB)
Descriptors: American Indian Languages, Descriptive Linguistics, Dialect Studies, Dialects, Form Classes (Languages), Linguistic Theory, Phrase Structure, Salish, Sentence Structure, Syntax
University of Louisville, Interdisciplinary Program in Linguistics, Room 214 Humanities, Louisville, Kentucky 40208
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Louisville Univ., KY. Interdisciplinary Program in Linguistics.
Identifiers - Location: Alaska