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ERIC Number: ED123869
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Levels of Competence in Oral Communication. Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 4.
Hofmann, Th. R.
A set of levels of useful oral competence in a second language are proposed, and a revision in its structure is shown that can make it applicable to first language and to passive-bilingual situations. Unlike many other scales of bilingualism, it integrates oral expression and oral comprehension into a single scale without losing validity. Its distinctions are gross enough to be easily perceived and easily tested for, to be objective and reliable, and to be easily interpreted in terms of ordinary experience. In addition to developing this scale, several principles about language competence and its measurement are discussed: (1) Skills with the oral language and the written language are logically independent of each other, though they are correlated in many populations. (2) Although it is obvious that language competence is not a dichotomous property, it is also not a single continuum, as it has often been described. Oral competence includes at least two independent dimensions, comprehension and expression. (3) Levels of competence in oral expression and oral comprehension can be combined, however, based on their utility in communication. (4) Because of this interconnection, they can be interleaved together into a single scale of competence. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto. Bilingual Education Project.
Note: For related documents, see FL 006 681, FL 006 682, FL 006 683, FL 006 684 and FL 006 685.