ERIC Number: ED123736
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Funding Education for Minority Groups.
Cardenas, Jose A.
Equality of educational opportunity implies giving each child an opportunity for unlimited success in the educational system. Equal educational opportunity requires a particularized educational response to the characteristics of the individual. An educational finance plan that provides equality of educational opportunity should take into account the factors of district wealth, local tax effort, pupil need, cost differentials, and municipal overburden. The most common method of equalizing the wealth and effort factors is through the commitment of state funds for equalization purposes; the ideal school finance plan guarantees identical yields for identical effort. A school finance plan must also incorporate a "pupil need" criterion. The concept of equal educational expenditures for all children is further invalidated by differences in school costs in different localities. Therefore, a state equalization formula must include some form of cost-of-living index. In addition, an allowance for municipal overburden must be made in the distribution of school funds; such adjustments can be made by use of a weighted formula that relates average total taxes for the state to total taxes in a school district. (Author/JG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Speech presented at the Annual American Education Finance Conference (19th, Nashville, Tennessee, March 14-16, 1976)