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ERIC Number: ED123670
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 125
Abstractor: N/A
Interviewers' Interpretations of Direct and Indirect Eye Contact during the Employment Interview: A Preliminary Investigation.
Siler, Ina Cathy
This study sought to determine (1) whether differences existed between black and white interpretations of direct and indirect eye contact as used by blacks during an employment interview and (2) whether an applicant's use of direct and indirect eye contact would affect his acceptability for employment. A videotape of two simulated employment interview scenes was prepared. In the first interview scene, the actor, a black male, used direct eye contact, and in the second, the same actor used indirect eye contact. The subjects, twenty black male and twenty white male employment interviewers from government agencies in the Washington Metropolitan area were shown the videotapes and asked to respond to a questionnaire. It was found that for blacks, their interpretations of direct eye contact were different from their interpretations of indirect eye contact, whereas for whites their interpretations did not differ. Furthermore, it was determined that because of race black and white interpretations of direct eye contact did differ significantly as related to videotaped scenes of employment interview situations. It was suggested, therefore, that in some situations a black male job applicant interviewed by a black male may be considered unacceptable for employment because of his use of indirect eye contact. (LL)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Masters Thesis, Howard University; Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document