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ERIC Number: ED123621
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 140
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Spelling Patterns as Units of Word Perception for Adults and Children Reading on First, Second and Fifth Grade Reading Levels.
Santa, Carol Minnick
Two experiments were conducted to investigate the units of word perception used by adults and children reading on different levels of reading maturity. The purpose of the investigations was to determine whether whole words, single letters, or spelling patterns operate in the recognition of isolated words. Both experiments used a same-different reaction time task. The stimuli were restricted to one syllable words following the consonant-consonant-vowel-consonant-consonant letter sequences. Subjects for the first experiment were children reading on three different grade levels, nonachieving second graders and achieving second and fifth graders. The results indicated that developmental growth is in evidence in the processing of initial consonant clusters and in the processing of whole words. Subjects for the second experiment were adults and children. The children read on a second or fifth grade level. The second experiment was designed to evaluate perceptual units in a paradigm requiring subjects to process the meaning of words. The adults responded significantly faster than the fifth graders, and the fifth graders reacted reliably faster than the second graders. (Author/MKM)
University Microfilms, P.O. Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 76-12,027, MF $7.50, Xerography $15.00)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Temple University