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ERIC Number: ED123555
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Contributions of Existing Knowledge Structure to Retroactive Inhibition in Prose Learning.
Royer, James M.; And Others
The question considered in this study is whether retroactive interference is influenced by a subject's prior knowledge of the material being studied. Two parallel passages of fictitious biographical information and an accompanying twenty-item short answer criterion test were developed. The fifteen subjects in the experimental group were told that the tests covered the lives of famous characters while the fifteen control group subjects were told that the passages were about fictitious characters. Analysis of results showed that, in comparison to control groups, subjects receiving initial passages labeled with fictitious names experienced significant retroactive interference, while subjects receiving famous name initial passages did not. Results also suggest that predictions based upon an analysis of stimulus materials only will not hold when the materials involved can be radily assimilated into existing knowledge structure. (JM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, April 19-23, 1976)