ERIC Number: ED123537
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Oct
Reference Count: 0
On Ideology and Achievement: Determinants of Career Orientation Among American Women.
Friedman, Janice S.
Although early socialization and present life situation are indeed important factors to career orientation, the sex role ideology of a woman is equally if not more significant in her career motivation. Questionnaire data from 278 women aged 18 to 50 were used to examine the relative importance of early socialization, present life situation, future aspirations, values, social support, and sex role ideology for career orientation. On the basis of preferred life style, the three groups of women were designed as Career-Primary, Career-Secondary and Homemaker-Primary. A Discriminant Analysis indicated that all of the six categories of variables were significant in discriminating the three groups of women. Furthermore, it was found that Sex Role Ideology was more powerful in discriminating between groups than either of the previously researched variables of early socialization or present life situation. The results indicated that the sex role ideology of the Career-Primary group was more egalitarian or non-traditional than the other two groups, using Lipman-Blumen's (1971) Sex Role Ideology Scale. Results also yielded specific variables as possible precursors of the egalitarian Sex Role Ideology of the Career-Primary women. (Author/SE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society (28th, Louisville, Kentucky, October 26-30, 1975)