ERIC Number: ED123508
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Socialization Factors in the Development of Black Children's Racial Self-Esteem.
Lipscomb, LaFayette W.
Recent studies on racial self-esteem show a reversal in the tendency for black children to have negative self-concepts. This research explored the causal explanations for such a reversal by investigating the process by which social status, parental attitudes, and socialization practices influence the development of black children's racial preferences and stereotypes. Data were obtained from interviews with 60 black mothers of five or six year old children, and from a race awareness test of the children in the home. The theoretical model predicted that the SES variables (mother's occupation, mother's education, and family income) affects two family relationship variables (mother's racial attitudes, and mother's socialization practices such as presence of black cultural objects and teaching of blacks' treatment in society) which in turn affects the child's racial self-esteem (measures of child's own race preference and racial stereotypes). It was further hypothesized that the socialization variables would be the most effective predictors of children's racial self-esteem and act as mediators of the socioeconomic and attitudinal variables. The underlying theoretical model was supported. It was also found that the socialization variables were the most effective predictors of children's racial self-esteem. It was found, however, that not all of the effects on the child's racial self-esteem were mediated through socialization. (Author/NG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American sociological Association (San Francisco, California, August 25-29, 1975); Paper not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document