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ERIC Number: ED123503
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Winning the Race with Death.
Goodman, Lisl M.
The hypothesis of a negative relationship between level of self-actualization and fear of death was based on the assumption that people are not afraid of death per se but of the incompleteness of their lives. Fear of death was furthermore assumed to inhibit orientation toward the future, thereby restricting movement toward achievement and self-fulfillment. In contrast, acceptance of death and acknowledgement of one's finitude is thought to act as a galvanizing force, impelling one toward creativity and accomplishment. If one succeeds in it, the fear of the incompleteness of one's life and with it the fear of death should be conquered. An interview schedule and a semantic differential scale were devised to tap attitudes toward death on conscious and fantasy levels. Interviews were conducted with two groups of highly self-actualized individuals, 10 artists and 10 scientists, ranked as outstanding in their field, and with two control groups of respondents. The artists and scientists did not differ significantly in their attitudes toward death, though distinctive tendencies of intragroup homogeneities emerged in each of the groups. Significant differences were found in the hypothesized direction between the two high actualized groups and the control groups. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (83rd, Chicago, Illinois, August 30-September 2, 1975)