ERIC Number: ED123404
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
University Training for Gramsevaks in India: An Example of Recurrent Education in a Low Income Country. Occasional Paper No. 67.
Shortlidge, Richard L., Jr.
The document presents an evaluation of the two year Bachelor of Science Agriculture program for Gramsevaks, or village level workers, initiated by the G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, India in 1961. An employment questionnaire was sent to all agricultural graduates, 1963-71, for whom valid addresses existed. A return rate of 52% for two year degree Gramsevaks and 32% for regular three year degree holders resulted, with data analyzed through cost-benefit analysis. Results indicate that the Gramsevak program demonstrated the effective use of a program of recurrent education both from the standpoint of efficiency and equity. The social rate of return was shown to be equal to or greater than the comparable return for the regular agricultural graduate. The higher return was dependent on the reduction of the program for Gramsevaks by one year. The one year reduction in the degree program was tantamount to substituting five years of experience in agricultural extension for one year of university course work. The better academic performance of Gramsevaks despite weaker educational background and being out of school for 10 years or more indicated that no deterioration occurred in their ability to perform in an academic environment. (Author/LH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (Dept. of State), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Coll. of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell Univ.
Identifiers - Location: India