ERIC Number: ED123387
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Value Orientations of a Low-Income Rural Audience. Paths Out of Poverty: Working Paper No. 20. Preliminary Report.
Bruce, Robert L.
Tape recorded interviews, loosely structured to elicit reactions to giving and receiving help, conducted in 118 low-income households in Yates County, New York, were analyzed for value statements. Value listings and categories were adjusted to accommodate the observed data. Noted were 35 positive and 17 negative values. Twelve combinations of two or more positive or negative values were formed and treated as separate values. The final list of values and the number and proportion of interviews in which each was identified is presented in tabular form. A large percentage of the interviews revealed values on thrift (mentioned by all but one respondent), on family, and on health. In contrast to more conventional values, making use of available sources of aid elicited a high proportion of favorable mentions, while status in the eyes of others and conforming personal appearance and conduct were given moderately low position. The results indicate a high degree of realism on the part of the poor and suggest that they might tolerate or respect approaches which do not gloss over that reality with euphemisms. Methodologically, the study demonstrates that it is possible to derive reliable and highly useful data from the analysis of loosely-structured interviews. Appended are sample interview questions. (Author/MS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Coll. of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Cornell Univ.