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ERIC Number: ED123374
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Composing Processes of Mature Adults.
Crabbe, Katharyn
The study examined 41 students (24 male, 17 female) in a beginning writing course for adults. Data were collected by (1) taping four workshop sessions in which all students participated in small groups, (2) interviewing all the students, and (3) observing four students writing in the classroom. The adult writers composed in two models: the extensive, which focused on conveying a message; and the reflexive, which focused on the writer's thoughts and feelings. They composed in a three-part process: pre-writing, writing, and post-writing. They engaged in very little formal planning, and showed great willingness to rework the pieces they wrote. The writers applied assumed or explicit aesthetic standards to their own writing in selecting a topic and contemplating the product. Writers' use of language and their selections of problem-solving strategies identified them as two types: narrative writers and lyric writers. Inspecting the appended versions of a student's essay about an important person, thing, or event from her past shows that her characteristic modes of reformulation were reordering of elements and expanding. The case study suggests that any individual engaged in composing is working under the influence of forces that vary with time, place, the phase of the process, and the individual personality. (JR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Adult Education Research Conference (Toronto, Ontario, April 7-9, 1976)