ERIC Number: ED123364
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Tiedeman's Approach to Career Development.
Harren, Vincent A.
Basic to Tiedeman's approach to career development and decision making is the assumption that one is responsible for one's own behavior because one has the capacity for choice and lives in a world which is not deterministic. Tiedeman, a cognitive-developmental theorist, views continuity of development as internal or psychological while discontinuity has a sociological or environmental basis caused by the nature of the structure of society. In Tiedeman's theory, an instrumental cause behind one's behavior is the experience or anticipation of discontinuity and discomfort which precipitates purposeful action and decision making. Effective resolution of life's discontinuities leads to increased control over one's behavior, or a "sense of agency", and the eventual expression of one's identity through a personally-determined career. In the process of making a decision, an individual progresses through seven sequential stages: (1) exploration, (2) crystallization, (3) choice, (4) clarification, (5) induction, (6) reformation, and (7) integration. Decision-making styles may be: planning, intuitive, impulsive, agonizing, delaying, paralytic, fatalistic, and compliant. Planning is viewed as the most effective style with intuitive sometimes being effective. Another classification, reflecting various degrees of personal responsibility and individual utilization of rational planning strategies, is: (1) planning, (2) intuitive, and (3) dependent. (EA)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A