ERIC Number: ED123325
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Aug-15
Reference Count: N/A
School Integration and White Flight.
Findings of recent studies of school segregation are reviewed in this paper which also tests the idea that school integration is a major cause of white flight from the nation's largest cities. Six major trends in school segregation about which there is agreement, along with three other issues, about which there is less concensus are given and discussed. In reference to the latter, these include the following: (1) whether integration has been a major cause of white flight from public schools in large cities; (2) what techniques will integrate schools given the extent of residential segregation that exists; and (3) in what ways busing has been a success or a failure. In neither region of the country is evidence found that supports the hypothesis that whites are particularly prone to leave public schools in those cities in which the schools are integrated and the proportion of blacks is high. There is no one strategy to integrate public schools which will prove effective in all districts. Busing, although not popular, is an effective technique given residential segregation and the constitutional requirement that all children attend the same schools. Nationally it has not been a major cause of white flight from cities and, in many communities, it has been accepted. Although busing may be necessary in the short run, it may be more desirable to integrate schools in the long run by minimizing racial residential segregation. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Black Education, Black Students, Black Youth, Bus Transportation, Desegregation Effects, Desegregation Litigation, Desegregation Plans, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Minority Group Children, Policy Formation, Public Policy, Racial Integration, Relocation, Rural to Urban Migration, School Desegregation, Social Integration
Not available separately; see UD 016 040
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Catholic Univ. of America, Washington, DC. Center for National Policy Review.; Notre Dame Univ., IN. Center for Civil Rights.