ERIC Number: ED123314
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Journey to Work: Metropolitan-Nonmetropolitan Comparisons.
Wilson, Franklin D.
The determinants of several measures of journey to work for residents of metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas are analyzed and compared based on findings from a national study. Some of the more important issues raised by other researchers are also explored in this paper. The basic concern of this report is whether the journey to work patterns of residents of nonmetropolitan areas are responsive to the same kinds of forces as those that influence the journey to work patterns of residents of metropolitan areas. An argument is developed that shows that journey to work patterns are influenced heavily by the spatial structure of housing markets in relation to the spatial distribution of activities in urban areas, and that differences in the journey to work patterns of nonmetropolitan and metropolitan residents are largely a function of differences in the scale of the respective urban spatial systems. Essential to the discussion is the assertion that as urban spatial systems increase in scale, their morphological structure undergoes successive transformations that result in a redistribution of land activities (including residential activities). The same factors that significantly affect the journey to work pattern of metropolitan residents also affect those of nonmetropolitan residents, although effects vary with respect to size and direction. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.