ERIC Number: ED123301
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Dec
Reference Count: 0
School Desegregation and Loss of Whites from Large Central-City School Districts.
Coleman, James S.
The analysis of this paper is directed primarily to the question of the effect of school desegregation on loss of white children from large central-city school systems. This analysis is taken from James S. Coleman, Sara D. Kelly, and John A. Moore, Trends in School Segregation, 1968-73 (1975). The data are taken from annual reports by all school districts in the country to the Office of Civil Rights of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare on the racial composition of each school in the district. Before addressing the primary question, trends in racial segregation in the schools between 1968 and 1973 are briefly examined. The overall analysis concludes that the emerging problem with regard to school desegregation is the problem of segregation between central city and suburbs; and in addition, that current means by which schools are being desegregated are intensifying that problem, rather than reducing it. The emerging problem of school desegregation in large cities is a problem of metropolitan area residential segregation, brought about by a loss of whites from the central cities. This loss is intensified by extensive school desegregation in those central cities, but in cities with high proportions of blacks and predominantly white suburbs, it proceeds at a relatively rapid rate with or without desegregation. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at a consultation with the Commission on Civil Rights (Washington, D.C., December 8, 1975)