ERIC Number: ED123275
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Dec-6
Reference Count: N/A
Inequality of Educational Opportunity by Social Origin in Higher Education.
This study is an update of earlier work conducted by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), on social selection in education. The former study, published in 1970, covers 19 of the 25 OECD countries and has no data for Australia, Canada, Finland, Iceland, New Zealand, or Turkey. The present paper includes later data for 13 of the countries represented in the earlier study and includes Finland which was not covered earlier. Results indicate that inequality in access to education is important in all OECD countries, and that inequality in access has been reduced almost everywhere, regardless of the three measures of relative selectivity used. It is found that the nearer countries approach universal attendance at a particular level of education, the closer will be the convergence in degree of access by social class, particularly if the starting position is one in which the upper groups are near to saturation of the educational ambitions. Conclusions reached by the present report are different from the more pessimistic ones which were derived by the earlier OECD study. The present conclusions also differ from the earlier study in that intercountry comparisons are not made. The general conclusion is that social selectivity in access to higher education is still substantial in all OECD countries, but is declining more rapidly than was suggested in the earlier study. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Educational Mobility, Educational Opportunities, Equal Education, Followup Studies, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Research Methodology, Research Problems, Selection, Social Background, Social Characteristics, Social Influences, Social Mobility, Social Status, Trend Analysis
Not available separately; see ED 117 259
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France).