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ERIC Number: ED123262
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Observations on the Use of Test Scores as a Basis for Allocating Educational Funds.
Feldmesser, Robert A.
Test-based funding (TBF) is the concept that allocations of educational funds from one political unit to another should be larger as the proportion of pupils in the receiving unit tho have low test scores is larger. The arguments offered in support of TBF are presented. The most serious acknowledged drawback to TBF is its potential disincentive effect: it might motivate educators to depress pupil performance in order to increase their district's funding. Solutions to this problem that have been tried or suggested appear not to be effective. Limited experience with TBF so far does not bear out the advantages claimed for it. Moreover, the fundamental premise of TBF seems on reflection to be defective: A test score is not a valid indicator of educational need. Recognition of this has been concealed by the common definition of need in terms of a "deficit," and by the failure to understand that "average" performance is not necessarily evidence of equal educational treatment. Instead of abandoning allocation procedures based on socioeconomic status (SES), they should be improved, perhaps by using years of parental schooling as a measure of SES instead of family income. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A