ERIC Number: ED123178
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: 0
Why Women Contribute Less to the Arts, Sciences, and Humanities.
Farmer, Helen S.
Women do not contribute to the arts, sciences, and humanities commensurate with their talents and potential nor in proportion to the opportunities available to them. This study investigated variables or combinations of variables which best predict lower achievement and career motivation in women: self-esteem, fear of success, vicarious achievement ethic, home-career conflict, work-discrimination beliefs, sex-role orientation, risk-taking behavior, social structure, and perception of parents. A cross-cultural study was conducted of subjects drawn from various ethnic and socioeconomic subcultures in the United States and Iran. The subjects represent three age groups of women and men: high school, college, and women returning to college after an absence of at least five years. Data analysis of the nine predictor variables indicates that the impact of societal changes (legal, attitudinal, and social) has not yet removed the factors that are inhibiting women's achievement and career motivation. (Author/ND)
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Career Choice, Cross Cultural Studies, Employed Women, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Higher Education, Inhibition, Low Achievement, Motivation, Parent Influence, Risk, Role Conflict, Self Esteem, Sex Stereotypes, Social Science Research, Social Structure, Womens Studies, Work Life Expectancy
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 19-23, 1976)