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ERIC Number: ED123028
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Mar
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
A Study of Abstract Preferences in Problem Solving Tasks and Their Relationship to Abstract Ability and Formal Thought.
Dunlop, David L.; Fazio, Frank
Investigated, within a Piagetian framework, was the degree of abstract preferences exhibited by five different grade levels of science students as they completed eighteen problem solving tasks. Three hundred twenty-nine randomly selected students from five grade levels, ranging from eighth grade to college seniors, were given the Shipley Test of Abstract Reasoning. Groups of concrete and formal operational students were identified as were groups based on sex and grade level. Solutions for each task were ranked according to degree of abstraction represented. Correlations were completed to determine, for each group, the relationship between abstract ability and abstract preferences. Older groups demonstrated greater abstract reasoning ability. No significant differences were found between grade levels with respect to abstract preference scores. This study supported the assumptions that a student's level of reasoning is often below his capacity and that a student's preference toward a specific solution may, in part, be responsible for his below-capacity functioning. (LS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A