ERIC Number: ED122981
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Aug-21
Reference Count: N/A
Affluence and Equality in Nonmetropolitan American, 1950-1970.
Beck, E. M.; Bianchi, S.
Utilizing census data on a stratified sample of 276 U.S. countries, the relationships between economic development and the levels of affluence and inequality in rural America (1950-70) were investigated via development of a macro-level affluence/inequality model. Variables examined were: demographic and social characteristics; income characteristics; labor force characteristics; and characteristics of the industrial base. Findings indicated: (1) an increase in wealth and a decrease in equality since 1950; (2) concomitant with the growth of affluence, increases in level of education, degree of urbanization, amount of labor force participation, female employment, and percent employed in manufacturing; (3) lagged income influenced current income; (4) current income and lagged inequality influenced inequality; (5) education positively influenced income but had no apparent influence on inequality; (6) rate of labor force participation positively influenced income and negatively influenced inequality; (7) percent nonwhite population, dependency on primary industry, and urbanization negatively influenced income and positively influenced inequality; (8) manufacturing positively influenced affluence and negatively inequality, but only very modestly. (JC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Economic Development, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Income, Industrialization, Labor Force, Longitudinal Studies, Racial Differences, Rural Areas, Sex Differences, Social Characteristics, Socioeconomic Status, Urbanization
Dr. E. M. Beck, Department of Sociology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103 (Free)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Coll. of Agricultural and Life Sciences.; North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, Ames, IA.; Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (San Francisco, California, August 21-24, 1975)