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ERIC Number: ED122981
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Aug-21
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Affluence and Equality in Nonmetropolitan American, 1950-1970.
Beck, E. M.; Bianchi, S.
Utilizing census data on a stratified sample of 276 U.S. countries, the relationships between economic development and the levels of affluence and inequality in rural America (1950-70) were investigated via development of a macro-level affluence/inequality model. Variables examined were: demographic and social characteristics; income characteristics; labor force characteristics; and characteristics of the industrial base. Findings indicated: (1) an increase in wealth and a decrease in equality since 1950; (2) concomitant with the growth of affluence, increases in level of education, degree of urbanization, amount of labor force participation, female employment, and percent employed in manufacturing; (3) lagged income influenced current income; (4) current income and lagged inequality influenced inequality; (5) education positively influenced income but had no apparent influence on inequality; (6) rate of labor force participation positively influenced income and negatively influenced inequality; (7) percent nonwhite population, dependency on primary industry, and urbanization negatively influenced income and positively influenced inequality; (8) manufacturing positively influenced affluence and negatively inequality, but only very modestly. (JC)
Dr. E. M. Beck, Department of Sociology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103 (Free)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Coll. of Agricultural and Life Sciences.; North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, Ames, IA.; Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (San Francisco, California, August 21-24, 1975)