ERIC Number: ED122919
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Interpersonal Thought in Childhood, Preadolescence, and Adolescence: A Structural Analysis of Developing Conceptions of Peer Relationships.
Selman, Robert L.
This paper discussed a stage theory of childhood, preadolescent, and adolescent concepts of role-relationships and social reasoning in friendship. It was hypothesized that these concepts develop through levels of perspective-taking, within which individuals view and structure interpersonal relationships. At level one, relationships are based on one person's subjective evaluation of interpersonal acts and on that person's perception of the consequences of others' actions for his own expectations. At level two, relationships are based on situation or context-specific, reciprocal expectations of both parties. At level three, relationships are based on the generality or temporal continuity of mutual expectations of each party across situations or contexts. At level four, relationships are based on the underlying deeper meaning each party gives to the other's behavior and on the underlying understanding each party has of the complexity of the other's values and beliefs. The horizontal correspondences among perspective-taking level, level of persons conceptions, and level of relations conceptions were examined at levels two and three. A series of open-ended, standardized questions was used to elicit preadolescent, adolescent, and adult solutions to commonplace interpersonal dilemmas. Some of the data from preadolescent subjects were analyzed and related to the proposed stage theory of role-relationship perception. (Author/BRT)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Affective Behavior, Children, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Developmental Stages, Elementary Secondary Education, Expectation, Friendship, Interpersonal Competence, Interviews, Measurement Techniques, Peer Relationship, Personality Development, Perspective Taking, Role Perception, Social Development
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (83rd, Chicago, Illinois August 30-September 3, 1975)