ERIC Number: ED122915
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Neonatal Recognition Processes and Attachment: The Masking Experiment.
Cassel, Thomas Z. K.; Sander, Louis W.
This research project was designed to determine whether 1-week-old neonates would indicate biological recognition of their mothers. Biological recognition is defined as the particular configuration of sensory, kinesthetic, and motor cues and the temporal patterning of these cues which characterizes infants' exchange processes with their caregivers. Participants were five dyads composed of white, working class, multiparous mothers and their female offspring. All dyads were provided with hospital rooming-in within the first 24 hours after delivery and the mother was the sole caretaker throughout the period of this study. All neonates were considered normal and were on a demand bottle feeding schedule. Study participants were observed in their homes for one feeding session on postnatal days 6, 7, and 9. Baseline data were collected in the first session. In the second and third sessions, data were collected while the mothers were wearing either a flesh-colored mask with eyeholes or a gauze drape with no eyeholes. The results indicated that the response to the masks began only when the neonate was settled into the customary position and about to begin feeding and that the response to the two masks differed. It was found that the general response to the flesh-colored mask was distress and active avoidance while the response to the gauze mask tended to be distress and passive avoidance. (JMB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A