ERIC Number: ED122827
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Can Audio-Visual Media Teach Children Mental Skills?
Rovet, Joanne F.
A study of 128 third graders was made to determine whether audiovisual media does facilitate cognitive development by comparing the effects of learning a mental skill from a filmed demonstration of that skill with learning from more active kinds of experience. The mental skill was the ability to mentally transform mental images by rotating them around fixed axes. The children were tested on a series of spatial tasks and verbal tasks, then following pretesting the subjects were assigned to one of five groups. Three groups viewed films; one viewed the complete rotation film, one viewed the partial rotation film, and one the film with all rotations edited out. The fourth group received individualized training in rotating blocks to determine congruence. The fifth group served as the control group and received no additional training. Following training, the five groups were given two batteries of posttests. The results showed that audiovisual media can facilitate the development of cognitive skills in children. The children's ability to rotate images internally was facilitated by viewing external representations of objects rotating in space and such facilitations were comparable to the facilitationsfrom direct active experience. (Author/DS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting (San Francisco, California, April 19-23, 1976)