ERIC Number: ED122623
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The Family Resemblance Model and Communicative Competence. Lektos: Interdisciplinary Working Papers in Language Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 2.
St. Clair, Robert
The concept of a speech community is investigated within the theoretical frameworks of sociology and linguistics, and it is concluded that the collective competence models of Ferdinand de Saussure and Noam Chomsky are inadequate. They fail in that they are limited as linguistic models which have consistently overlooked the sociological importance of the distinction between speech communities (the Gemeinschaft model) and language societies (the Gesellschaft model). The family resemblance model with its communicative chains of dialects is offered as a viable model of language and society. This model enables speakers to bridge the disparaties among their linguistic communities. Even this model, however, has a problem in that it is not fully able to explain how linguistic units function within political structures. The implications of this model are discussed, and suggestions for strengthening it are offered. (Author)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Communication (Thought Transfer), Communicative Competence (Languages), Language Research, Language Variation, Linguistic Competence, Linguistic Performance, Linguistic Theory, Models, Sociolinguistics
University of Louisville, Interdisciplinary Program in Linguistics, Room 214 Humanities, Louisville, Kentucky 40208
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Louisville Univ., KY. Interdisciplinary Program in Linguistics.