ERIC Number: ED122598
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
Hungarian Postpositions vs. English Prepositions: A Contrastive Study. The Hungarian-English Contrastive Linguistics Project, Working Papers No. 7.
This study was conducted to find and collocate the semantically equivalent form patterns of the English and Hungarian relation-marking systems by contrasting the use of the individual relational morphemes. The ultimate aim of the study is to determine interlingual congruences and contrasts for possible use in language teaching. The investigation is restricted to Hungarian postpositions and their equivalent English prepositions. The term "relation-word" is used here when both postpositions and prepositions are meant. Various morphological-syntactic features of the relation-word phrases are discussed; the static case receives detailed attention. The material is presented within the following framework: (1) spatial relation-words of the directional type, (2) spatial relation-words of the nondirectional type, (3) temporal relation-words, and (4) abstract relation-words. Semantic patterns and subpatterns are basic units for contrastive discussion. Based on interlingual contrasts, interference predictions are attempted throughout the discussion of the patterns. The technical format of the pattern discussions is summarized as follows: notation, examples in Hungarian and English, prediction, comments and figurative usage. Applications of contrastive data to language instruction are suggested, especially for an instructional program utilizing motion pictures. (Author/CHK)
Descriptors: Applied Linguistics, Contrastive Linguistics, English, Foreign Language Films, Form Classes (Languages), Grammar, Hungarian, Interference (Language), Language Instruction, Language Patterns, Language Usage, Morphemes, Morphology (Languages), Semantics, Syntax
East European Projects, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1611 N. Kent St., Arlington, Virginia 22209 ($4.00)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest. Linguistics Inst.; Center for Applied Linguistics, Arlington, VA.