ERIC Number: ED122593
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Phonological Study of Some English Loan Words in Japanese. Working Papers in Linguistics, No. 14, Studies in Phonology and Methodology.
An adequate theory of phonology should be able to explain the process of adaptation of foreign words into the native language, as well as to account for their nativized phonological and phonetic representations. The paper acknowledges the deficiencies of the "phonetic approximation" and the "phonemic approximation" hypotheses in meeting this end, and discusses the shortcomings of Hyman's (1970) generative phonology model. The model presented here is derived from Stampe's (1968, 1969) natural phonology theory, and hypothesizes that incoming foreign segments will be inserted into the lexicon without change unless they are inadmissible underlying segments, in which case they will be analyzed by the native rules until some admissible representation is obtained. If a segment cannot be analyzed as an admissible form in the native system, it will be represented in the lexicon as it is and eventually will be restructured by the dominant native rules. Within this paradigm, certain English loans in Japanese are examined, and at the same time properties of the system of Japanese phonology which are revealed in the process of borrowing are discussed. Among the areas discussed are: palatalization, vowel insertion, gemination of consonants, and glides. (DB)
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Dept. of Linguistics.