ERIC Number: ED122586
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
L'Apprentissage du Francais Langue Seconde en Classe d'Immersion dans un Milieu Torontois (Learning French as a Second Language in Immersion Classes in a Toronto Environment). Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 1.
Dumas, Guy; And Others
Examples of the spontaneous speech in French of native English speakers, average age 7.6 years, were collected at the end of their second year in a French immersion program. Results show that the native language strongly influences second language speech production. While vocabulary and pronunciation are of course predominantly French, the syntactic structures used are for the most part English. Also encountered are structures that cannot be assigned to either language system. The regularity of the errors encountered in the spontaneous speech in the second language supports the notion of the existence of a systematic intermediate language which differs grammatically from both the first and the second language in question. (Author/CLK)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Students, Bilingualism, English, Error Patterns, French, Immersion Programs, Interference (Language), Language Instruction, Language Patterns, Language Programs, Language Usage, Primary Education, Pronunciation, Second Language Learning, Speech Communication, Speech Skills, Syntax, Vocabulary
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto. Bilingual Education Project.
Identifiers - Location: Canada (Toronto)