ERIC Number: ED122439
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Reference Count: N/A
Declining Enrollment. Research Report.
National School Boards Association, Washington, DC.
Population growth in the United States has declined since the early 1970s. As a result of the lower birth rate and changing migration patterns, approximately one-third of the school districts in the country have experienced some drop in enrollment. Smaller districts are the hardest hit by enrollment decline, since they are less able to absorb the loss of per-pupil financial support. In addition to the financial impact of lower enrollments, problems arise in staffing, building utilization, and school-community relations. When enrollments drop, some reduction in staff may be necessary; underutilized schools may be forced to close, or alternative uses for free space must be found, and the community must be prepared for the changes in program and attendance boundaries that enrollment decline sometimes necessitates. For those districts not yet faced with an immediate enrollment crisis, long-range planning is absolutely essential to ease the transition from population explosion to decline. Planning must be based on local data, not on state, regional, or national information. Constructive alternatives to reduction in force and school closure are outlined in this report. (DS)
Descriptors: Birth Rate, Declining Enrollment, Educational Finance, Educational Planning, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment Influences, Enrollment Projections, Enrollment Trends, Migration Patterns, Reduction in Force, School Closing, School Community Relationship, School Districts, Space Utilization
National School Boards Association, 800 State National Bank Plaza, P.O. Box 1496, Evanston, Illinois 60204 ($3.50, quantity discounts)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National School Boards Association, Washington, DC.