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ERIC Number: ED122312
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Systematic Desensitization and Conditioned Relaxation in Reducing Speech Anxiety.
Heald, Gary R.
Speech and communication departments at several universities currently offer behavioral training programs aimed at reducing communication-related anxiety. Traditionally, these programs involve the use of a "systematic desensitization" training method. An alternative behavioral training method is found in "conditioned relaxation." This paper discusses the theoretical rationale at the bases of the two training techniques, plus the comparative advantages found in each. Next a series of empirical studies are introduced. Specifically, a pilot study yields a parsimonious set of scales which are consistent with theoretical conceptualizations of the anxiety phenomenon. The scales are then employed in an experimental comparison of systematic desensitization and conditioned relaxation in reducing communication-related anxiety. Experimental results reveal that both systematic desensitization and conditioned relaxation are effective in reducing subjects' dispositions to be anxious in communication situations that they perceive as threatening. No differences are found in the effectiveness of the two training methods in reducing anxiety. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A