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ERIC Number: ED122226
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Signal Words on Comprehension.
Miccinati, Jeannette
This study investigated the effect of signal words on the comprehension of 103 first year community college students. The signal words studied were cause and effect, comparison-contrast, chronological, and enumerative words. A 40 paragraph comprehension test consisting of five different paragraphs for each of eight signal words and a test consisting of an alternate version of each paragraph with signal words omitted were used. The subjects were divided, and each half read one version of the comprehension passages and answered multiple choice questions after the reading. The major finding was that a statistically significant difference exists in the comprehension of college students who read paragraphs with signal words. High academic achievers performed better than low academic achievers on passages containing signal words. The groups of high and low achievers responded similarly to paragraphs without signal words. The findings may have relevance for the teaching of signal words as aids to understanding speech and writing and for including such aids to comprehension in written passages, specifically textbooks. (MKM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Reading Association (21st, Anaheim, California, May 1976); Reproduced from best copy available