ERIC Number: ED122196
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Leisure, Companionship and the Working Wife.
Orthner, Dennis K.; Axelson, Leland J.
It has been suggested in previous literature that the wife's employment status has both positive and negative influences on marital interaction and companionship. The differences in findings and hypotheses can be interpreted by either the theory of role strain or the theory of role accumulation. The purpose of this investigation is to determine which of these theories best approximates the influence of the working status of the wife on marital companionship roles. The data were collected by means of a stratified area probability sample of upper-middle class intact households in a Southeastern city in 1973. There were 233 wives included in the investigation. The work patterns were divided into household, professional-managerial, and clerical as well as part-time and full-time. Leisure participation rates were determined by the proportion of time spent in individual, parallel, and joint activities with the spouse and with others. The results support the role accumulation theory at lower levels of role expansion. Marital compansionship is generally higher among the employed wives when children are not present in the home. Support for role strain theory emerges at increasing levels of role accumulation, most notably when children enter the home. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Family Relations (Salt Lake City, Utah, August 19-23, 1975); Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document