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ERIC Number: ED122189
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Achievement Attributions and the Low Expectation Cycle in Females.
Jackaway, Rita Freedman
Expectancy estimates, performance scores, level of aspiration, and attribution scores were collected from 160 high school seniors. Performance involved a symbol coding test introduced as either a masculine or feminine task. Female expectancy estimates were lower than male on both tasks. Females expected to lose under direct competition, significantly more often than males. A Low Expectation Cycle (LEC) was developed relating low expectations in females with early socialization and with a particular pattern of outcome attributions. Though the magnitude of sex differences in attributions was small, the predicted direction of difference was correct in seven out of eight cases. The LEC appears to hold true for masculine but not for feminine tasks. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (83rd, Chicago, Illinois, August 30 to September 2, 1975)