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ERIC Number: ED122186
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Sep
Pages: 5
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Attitudes Toward Homosexuality and Social Distance.
Morin, Stephen F.; And Others
Chair placement was used to determine the effect on social distance created by a person being perceived as homosexual in orientation. Eighty undergraduates subjects, 40 male and 40 female, were interviewed for 10 minutes by either a male or a female experimenter who orally administered a specifically designed Attitude Towards Homosexuality Scale. In the treatment condition, the experimenter wore a "gay and proud" button and was introduced as working for the Association of Gay Psychologists; in the control condition the same experimenter wore no button and was introduced as a graduate student working on a thesis. A 2x2x2 completely randomized design was used with button-no button, sex of experimenter, and sex of subject as the three factors. An analysis of variance indicated significantly greater social distance when the experimenter was perceived to be homosexual in orientation. A significant three-factor interaction effect was also found (p<.001). The greater distance result was almost entirely a function of same sex pairings rather than different sex pairings of experimenter and subject. Male subjects reacted with greater social distance in interaction with a male experimenter perceived to be homosexual than did female subjects in interaction with a female experimenter perceived to be homosexual. Results are discussed in terms of Weinberg's theory of homophobia. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (83rd, Chicago, Illinois, August 30 to September 2, 1975)