ERIC Number: ED122049
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Visual Scanning: Comparisons Between Student and Instructor Pilots. Final Report.
DeMaio, Joseph; And Others
The performance of instructor pilots and student pilots was compared in two visual scanning tasks. In the first task both groups were shown slides of T-37 instrument displays in which errors were to be detected. Instructor pilots detected errors faster and with greater accuracy than student pilots, thus providing evidence for the validity of the procedures employed. However, student pilots showed a greater tendency to employ a systematic search pattern than instructor pilots, which suggests the use of a flexible scanning strategy rather than a rigid scanning pattern. In the second experiment, the attention diagnostic method task was employed to determine if the experience in visual scanning obtained in the flight situation would transfer to a novel scanning task. In the first session there were no differences in response latency between instructor pilots, student pilots, and a group of university students. Instructor pilots, however, showed a significant linear decrease in latency over the course of eight sessions, indicating their experience in learning to attend to critical features. The experiment results recommend the use of a variety of scanning tasks in the pilot training program to facilitate the more rapid development of adaptive scanning strategies. (Author/EA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Air Force Human Resources Lab., Brooks AFB, TX.
Authoring Institution: Arizona State Univ., Tempe.